Traditionally, lesbian partners may become parents through donor insemination. Though donor insemination is a somewhat simple solution, a lot will depend on the quality of the sperm. Donor insemination is an option for lesbian women or partners who cannot have a child naturally and still wish to have a biological connection to their child. Some couples may choose to use an anonymous sperm donor through a sperm bank or fertility center, or a known donor that may be a friend or relative.
Lesbian insemination that uses donor sperm from a sperm bank can essentially provide the highest success rates with the shortest interval to conception. A combination of ovulation induction with oral medications, like Clomid, and two precisely timed donor inseminations, assures perfect timing and the highest success rates for pregancy. On the average it takes 2-3 insemination cycles to achieve a pregnancy. The type of insemination that the couple decides to use will be based on a number of factors, including personal preference, cost, and fertility potential.
Types of insemination include:
Intravaginal insemination (IVI). Unwashed sperm is placed into the vagina around the time of ovulation using a syringe or cervical cap. IVI can be done in a physician’s office or at home.
Intracervical insemination (ICI). Washed or unwashed sperm are placed in the cervix using a thin catheter and a syringe which pushes the sperm through the catheter. ICI is done in a physician’s office.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI). Washed sperm are placed in the uterus with a thin catheter that is passed through the cervix. IUI is performed in a physician’s office.
The medical physician will suggest that whoever is going to conceive should have a medical screening prior to trying. The doctor will suggest that whoever is to consider carrying the child, have a healthcare testing before trying. This allows identifying the health of both the mom and the child during the length of the pregnancy.
An appointment with a lawyer focusing on method issues is a must, usually one who has encounter and understanding utilizing same sex mother or father, is suggested. They can help with any necessary certification regarding lawful position as parents, or to identify the part of a known sperm contributor.
For more information about the procedure of contributor insemination speaking with your doctor is a key starting point, also read our book Getting to Baby. Our publication represents our trials, tribulations and triumphs that we went through on our journey to getting to our babies.